The thin blue line is buttressed by the important work of families, schools, churches, civic organizations, and others in the creation of law-abiding citizens and safe public spaces. Second, the shift toward citizen participation is grounded in the Asia recognition that community members are citizens in a democratic society Goals – Focus on short and long term problem solving, restoring victims, and effectively reintegrating offenders. – Community Justice is perceived as a partnership between the formal criminal Justice system and the community, but communities often autonomously engage in activities that directly or indirectly address crime.
Community Justice focuses on promoting public safety and the quality of community life, and this is something to which adherents of both liberal and conservative views can subscribe. (tough on crime) Community Justice Initiatives Community policing Drug Courts Youth Courts Restorative Justice/Mediation Sentencing Circles Domestic Abuse Courts Challenges of community Justice Highly controversial – ATAVIST in priority neighborhood have been seen as targeting and crystallizing of the community stop and frisk in the United States.
Over policing in priority neighborhoods. Information overload: the number of problems to be solved by community Justice participants are exponentially greater than the number associated with traditional approaches. How to identify and prioritize these problems are basic, but difficult tasks. Secondly, professionals attempt to solve newly defined problems, they must try new solutions that require information-gathering and networking. These tasks often blur the boundaries between law enforcement and social welfare, forcing practitioners to assume new social roles.
How that information is gathered, how it is used, and who uses it are central problems for community justice. Social Inequality poses a special problem for community Justice. Is it important to address the structural correlates of crime? Can communities successfully address social inequalities? Community Justice is not likely to succeed immunities organize with the expressed purpose of De-concentrating poverty Citizens Participation What if the community fails to take responsibility and ends up doing less than government?
In effect, what do we do when the community is invited but no one shows up? Moreover, how do we ensure that community groups and community leaders are fairly representing the “true” interests or, at least, the diversity of interests of the community? Simply put, “generating and maintaining participation is one of the major implementation difficulties for community crime prevention programs” (Bennett, 1998, p. 32).