Department of Justice Marimbas Stewart Riverside University High School American Government Hour 7 January 8, 201 5 Intro The Department of Justice (DOG) is a cabinet-level agency responsible for enforcing the laws of the United States federal government. The DOG plays a crucial role in the United States federal government, ensuring public safety against foreign and domestic threats and preventing crimes. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), U. S. Marshals, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATE), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEAD) are all associated with the Department of Justice.
The Department of Justice has a straight-forward mission; its main purpose being to enforce the law and to defend the interests of the United States, according to the law. Purpose The DOG ensures public safety against foreign and domestic threats. Federal leadership in preventing and controlling crime is supplied by the Department of Justice. Their primary mission is to protect the United States and their civil rights, and they’ll seek punishment for those guilty of unlawful behavior and to ensure fair and impartial administration of Justice for all Americans.
Origin The Judiciary Act of 1789 is what established the Office of the Attorney General, originally a one-person part-time position. The Attorney General had to learn the law to be able to prosecute and conduct all suits in the Supreme Court. Eventually, the workload became overwhelming for Just one person to handle. Because of the heavy workload, several assistants for the Attorney General were hired. Private attorneys were retained to work on cases due to the amount of work increasing.
In 1870, a concerned Congress passed the Act to establish the Department of Justice as an executive department of the government of the United States” with the Attorney General as the head. This occurred after the post-civil War increase in the amount of litigation involving the United States need a large number of private attorneys to By extraterrestrials Department of Justice, handled the legal business of the United States. The Act of 1870 gave the Department control over all criminal prosecutions and civil suits in which the United States had an interest.
The Act also gave the Attorney General and the Department control over federal law enforcement. The Act of 1870 created the Office of the Solicitor General, giving assistance to the Attorney General. The Act of 1870 is the foundation upon which the Department of Justice still resides. However, the structure of the Department of Justice has changed over the years, becoming the world’s largest law office and the central agency for the enforcing of federal laws. Attorney General Our current attorney general, born to Eric and Miriam Holder in New York City, on January 2, 1951, is Eric Hampton Holder, Jar.
Holder’s parents both held strong ties room Barbados; his father emigrating from Saint Joseph and his mother emigrating from Saint Phillip. His father was a real estate broker, and his mother, a telephone operator. As the eldest of two brothers, Eric Holder grew up in a predominantly African American neighborhood of East Elmhurst, Queens. As a young child, Holder attended a public school until he was chosen to participate in a program for intellectually gifted children.
The school had a predominantly Caucasian population, which forced Eric Holder to keep his “foot in both worlds,” allowing him to interact tit both African American and Caucasian people. As a teenager, Holder got into the prestigious Stuyvesant High School. Holder mainly concentrated on his studies in high school and became overwhelmed by the rigorous academic demands placed on him at Stuyvesant. Fortunately, he stayed well rounded, as he was selected as captain of the basketball team, and in 1969 he received his high school diploma, as well as a Regents Scholarship.
In 1969, Holder entered college at Columbia University, then receiving his Bachelor’s degree in American history in 1973. In 1974, he began attending Columbia Law School while he was a clerk for the NAACP Legal Defense Fund and the Department of Justice’s Criminal Division. In 1976, Holder earned his law degree, and the Department of Justice gave him a Job as part of the attorney general’s honors program. He was assigned to the newly formed Public Integrity Section, which investigated and prosecuted official corruption on the local, state and federal levels.
In 1988, Holder was nominated by former President Ronald Reagan to become an associate Judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia. During this time period, Holder presided over hundreds of civil and criminal trials. Around the same time period Holder was then nominated by President Bill Clinton to serve as the U. S. Attorney in Washington, D. C. In 1993, being the first African American entitled to the position. A few years later, in 1993, Eric Holder was then nominated by former President Bill Clinton to serve as the U. S. Attorney in Washington D. C. , being the first African American to ever hold that position.
During his four year term as the U. S. Attorney, he created a domestic lenience unit, a community prosecution project, and a program for restricting gun laws. In 1997, President Bill Clinton nominated Holder to be the deputy attorney general, being the first African American elected to the position as well as the highest-ranking African American in law enforcement in the history of the United States at the time. Some of the duties that Eric Holder portrayed were spelling out regulation of health care, and assembling a task force that determined how to investigate criminal investigations of high-ranking federal employees.
In 2001 Holder created an organization, Lawyers for One America, designed to bring diversity in the law profession and increase pro Bono working amongst lawyers. Holder briefly served under President George W. Bush as Acting Attorney General during the pending confirmation of Attorney General John Ashcroft. After serving as the Acting Attorney General, Holder Joined the private sector to work at the law firm, Coving and Burning LLC, in 2001. He represented various clientèles with different backgrounds, including NFG player Michael Vicki.
In addition to his workload, Holder revered on various philanthropic boards. Eric Holder is nationally recognized for his work in law. In 2007, Holder Joined Senator Barack Beam’s presidential campaign as a senior legal advisor. Later, he served as one of three members of Beam’s vice- presidential selection committee. Holder was then appointed and confirmed as the 82nd U. S. Attorney General in 2009, making him the first African American in Attorney General History.
As being the 82nd Attorney General, Eric Holder made it a point to speak more openly about racial discrimination in the United States. Current Issue August 15, 2014, Michael Brown was shot and killed by former Officer Darrel Wilson. In August of 2014, Holder visited Ferguson, Missouri in the wake of the shooting death of an unarmed African-American male by a police officer, with differing accounts of the incident. Holder has launched a Justice Department inquiry into the killing and is reportedly weighing whether to launch a civil rights investigation into Ferguson overall policing practices.