System was created in the late asses to reform U. S. Policies regarding youth offenders. “The Juvenile court was founded at the turn of this century as a specialized institution for dealing with dependent, neglected, and delinquent minors. Its guiding principle was “parents patria”, meaning the state or a guardian becomes the parent. A century ago, the focus of the Juvenile Justice system was on the Juvenile offender rather than the offense. The Juvenile Justice system was created to help rehabilitate and transform youth rather than punish them.
Today we are not focusing on helping them, but rather locking them up and not focusing solely on then problem. The Juvenile Justice System was started over 100 years ago to help try and reform kids who were found guilty of minor crimes. When the major crimes use to be stealing and running away the Juvenile System today is facing more serious crimes such as murder and rape. With the amount of crime and the increase in the population rising Juvenile crime will continue to be a problem that we must face daily. When the first Juvenile Justice system started it was not meant to deal with the rigorousness of Juvenile crime today.
The Justice system began to be a place for rehabilitating the offenders, not to keep them locked up forever with no chance of rehabilitation. Juveniles have now started to commit crimes that once only adults would have done. One of the major problems is how the system is the structure of the system and how it is operating. A system that is neither punishing nor rehabilitating is pointless. Violent Juvenile crime is increasing at twice the rate of violent crimes committed by adults. If we want to see any chances we must first make changes to the Juvenile yester.
Starting with education, which is the most important aspect of any child’s life. With education some are able to stay focused and others are not. But there is a ground for some discipline if a child is in school and able to stay focused on school work and have extra-curricular activities to keep their minds occupied and out of trouble. When a child does something that he was forbidden to do by his mother he is punished, and the same should go for when a child commits a crime. If we keep giving them a pat on the back we are not solving the problem we are making the situation worse.
When a Juvenile commits a crime if they are punished on their first offense then this will help to solve a lot of the Juvenile crime that we have today. The system must crackdown on the way that the system is operating. Some ways that the system should help in this crisis is to mandate programs that will help educate the youth in helping to prevent them from going down the wrong road and committing Implications of Juvenile Justice By Kea programs, outreach programs, and anti-gang programs which helps our kids stay on the right track.
When created in 1899 it was intended to be a combined social services provider ND rehabilitative agent. Considered today, the Juvenile Justice system has been unable to satisfactorily fulfill either of these goals. Rehabilitation programs which were the main reason for starting the Juvenile Justice system must also get back to the main reason why the system was started. To help the Juveniles become better people before it’s too late, not to set them up for failure. When will the Justice system grow up?
In the late ten years the Juvenile system has faced many obstacles. In 2006, two Philadelphia Juvenile Judges were convicted of taking money and other gifts worth over $2. Million in exchange for sending thousands of kids off to privately owned detention centers. Many of them had minor offenses and spent more time then should have in the detention centers either because they didn’t have the legal representation or all because of a flawed system. Many believed that the prosecution, public defenders and many others looked the other way and ignored what was going on.
Another case that has rocked the system over the years is the Texas Juvenile Justice had to be changed after it was discovered that kids were being held longer than there sentence, and that many were sexually bused while in the system (Sties, 2009). In 1967 the Supreme Court made a decision in the case of Gerald Gaul (In Re Gaul), decision that held that Juveniles accused of crimes in a delinquency proceeding must be afforded many of the same due process rights as adults, such as the right to timely notification of the charges, the right to confront witnesses, the right against self-incrimination, and the right to counsel (Phallic).
Even with this many young offenders and their parents still do not know the laws of Juveniles. So when they are told about it they have no idea what that some of the punishment that is Ewing given can be waived or that the punishment is too severe for the crime. They only listen to what is being told to them and go along with it. Many are asking how to get the system to work. How do we make sure that there isn’t anyone cheating the system and that there isn’t anyone working in the system trying to make a monetary gain at the expense of our youth?
In order to do this we must first make changes to the system. We must first have a zero tolerance policy for such behavior. If we want our children to be successful, we must guide them in the right path so that when they are finally released from the system they will not re enter the system as a Juvenile again or even an adult. Focusing the direction on the offenders and not their offenses, on rehabilitation and not punishment is the only way to get the system back to the main reason it started back in 1899.
Juveniles today are committing more crimes that a century ago only adults would have been doing. By rehabilitating them early there are countless ways to help them on the right track. We must do this in order to not save our youth but also the future of our country. If there are people in the system that is cheating them of their rights hen there is no way we can help them, we are only hurting them and allowing them to return to the system over and over again. Filch, S. 1999, December). Juvenile Justice: A Century of Change. Retrieved November 21 , 2011, from www. NC]RSI. Gob/Pittsfield/Judd/178995. PDF Phallic, K. (n. D. ). Review of In Re Gaul. In National Youth Rights Association. Retrieved November 21, 2011 , from http://www. Hydrologists. Org/research/library/review-of-in-re-Gaul Sties, K. (2009, March 24). Getting the Juvenile-Justice System to Grow Up. In Time US. Retrieved November 21 , 2011 , from http://www. Time. Com/time/nation/article/