Eddie Mambo is one of the most famous and significant Australian Aboriginals. He is famous for campaigning for Indigenous land rights. He was born on the 29th of June, 1946, on Murray Island, in the Tortes Strait. Eddie Mambo married Bonito Anyhow and together they had ten children. In 1982 Eddie Mambo and four other Tortes Strait Islanders initiated action against the Australian Authorities calming ownership of their land on Murray Island. Eddie Mambo was exiled from Murray Island when he was sixteen. During this time he lived and worked across Northern Queensland.

He began talking about his rights regarding his home land, after he was refused entry by the Australian authorities to return to Murray Island in order to visit his dying father. Soon after while having lunch with historians Henry Reynolds and Noel Loss, Mambo was made aware that the Australian Courts worked on the principal that Australia was “Terra Annulus”- land belonging to no one, prior to European Settlement. A decision on this challenge was not given until 1990 and Mambo’s claim was rejected. Instead of appealing, Mambo took his claim to the High Court.

Mambo was a father of ten children. Mambo is also remembered as “The father of Aboriginal land rights in Australia. ” He ended Terra Annulus in Australia. In Thiensville, Mambo helped found cities, introduce Aboriginal health device and black community schools. As a teenager Eddie worked in the Tortes Strait Islands on pearling boats. After this Eddie moved to Thiensville and worked on trains. In 1959 at age 23, Eddie married Bonito New.

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