Juvenile Justice The clinking of the chains as they were taking him away and the sounds of his mother weeping filled the courtroom as the Judge declared her sixteen year old son to life in prison without parole. In this scholastic article we read about a controversial subject “Rethinking Juvenile Justice” by John Schwartz. This raised the question if juveniles should be charged as adults. Should they be sentence to the death penalty or even sentenced to life without parole?
In my opinion Juveniles who have committed a heinous crime should be charged as adults, while the Juvenile who have omitted a middle to low level felony should be charges as Juveniles and given the opportunity to rehabilitate. Seventeen year old James Stewart committed suicide after being charged as an adult for drunk driving and accidentally slammed into another vehicle and killing the driver. This horrific case made not only citizens but also the states reevaluate their Juvenile Justice’s laws.
In 1985 to 1993 a major “crack cocaine epidemic spread and the Juvenile homicide rates tripled in nearly every state that changed their laws in order to charge the most violent Juveniles as adults” in order for Juveniles to be sentenced to life without parole or the death penalty. I believe the Court System decided to change their laws in order to get violent criminals off the street no matter their age.
Their purpose was to keep citizens safe, and alert other Juveniles heading that direction by sending them a message that they will pay for their actions. However, the Supreme Court should take into account juvenile brains are not fully developed, this makes it difficult for Juveniles to think of the consequences they are facing when they make life changing decisions. Juveniles ho have committed a heinous crime should pay the price and be charged as adults.
Juvenile experts have mentioned that young people are easily influenced, therefore locking up Juveniles with manipulated criminals is the wrong way to correct a young teens life. Scientific research has shown “teenagers brain are not fully developed” in fact the actions a young teen makes is a poor indicator of the person he or she will become in the future. This research in my opinion has reminded the Supreme Court that these Juveniles are not adults but kids, however they have to take under inconsideration the crimes they have committed.
For example giving a Juvenile five years in prison for raping and killing two young woman is unfair not only to the victims but to the Juvenile who has taken his moms car to attend a party and accidentally lost control of the steering wheel crashing into another vehicle and killing the driver and getting life in prison without parole. In simple terms the Supreme Court should fully look at the crime the Juvenile committed and state whether he or she could change their state of mind and be involve ones again with society and follow the law.
Juveniles who have committed a low felony are young and should be given help and guides to rehabilitate as said before their brains are not fully develop making it easier to change their mindset. However Juveniles who have committed a heinous crimes should fully pay for their action and be charge as an adult, if they are old enough to kill someone they are old enough to do life in person without parole. Laurence Steinberg says “ninety percent of teen offenders do not By Cobra committed a middle to low felony and have had time to rehabilitate.
While the ten percent of the Juveniles that have been involved in homicides or first degree murders should do life in prison without the possibility of parole simply because they are a high risk to their communities and may retrace their own footsteps. The Children’s Law and Policy Center has made it their goal to make the Juvenile Justice system more rational. Mark Soles the executive director of the Children’s Law and Policy Center states “if you have kids who are really violent and a threat to their communities lock them up.
But if you have a kid who can be provided with a safe amount of supervision and handle within the community, doing that costs a tiny percentage of what it cost to lock him up”. I fully agree with Mark Soles in my opinion it takes more time and money to try and change a corrupt Juvenile than it is to teach a Juvenile to fully think of their action and the consequences they will face with every decisions they make. With this being said twenty three states have now legally establish the Miller vs.. Alabama reforms to keep Juveniles out of the adult Justice system, However
I disagree that Juveniles who have murder another person should not face life without parole. To sum up the Supreme Court decided mandatory life without parole is unconstitutional for Juvenile offenders including murders. The number of young people put into the adult system has drop significantly to 92 percent with no increase in Juvenile crimes. Finally in this article “Rethinking Juvenile Justice” by John Schwartz the Supreme Court has established since 2012 that it is unconstitutional to give mandatory life sentence to a Juvenile even if it is murder.
I disagree with this form cause I believe Juveniles who have committed a heinous crime should fully pay the price and receive life in prison Oust as the Graham vs.. Florida form). As Mark Soles mentioned violent Juveniles are dangerous to their communities, while Juveniles that accidentally killed someone or felonies such as robberies, assault, and burglary can be thought that it is not the correct way to live life. Needless to say we will never hear the clinking of the chains as they were taking him away or the sounds of his mother weeping as the Judge declared her son to have life in person without parole.