Juvenile Justice

Home on probation group home country rancher camp o congregate institutional treatment-correctional-run by local probation 2. Juvenile Correctional Institutions Key terms impression management-no fear in eyes, maintain presence Social Hierarchy Ward Subculture- Custodial Facility- Custodial Staff- Treatment staff- Special Population- Parole Board- 3. Components of a Youth Training School Living Space Security and Safety Health Care Mental Health Treatment Education Vocational Training

Parole 4. Ward Hierarchy Shot Callers Gang Members Gang Affiliates Cases/loners/victims Punks/snitches 5. Disciplinary Practices Isolation Mechanical Restraints-shackling Loss of Privileges Time Extension 6. Realities of Training School Life Limited Rehabilitation Resources Poor Quality Services Custodial Orientation High Rates of Violence/Gang Subculture Antagonism Between Staff and Youth Isolation from youths family and community 7. Future of Training School System Downsizing Redesign

Juvenile Justice : What the research says Focus limited resources on the highest risk youths Resources applied to low-risk cases will have small effect and is not cost-effective Programs that take a therapeutic approach to changing behavior by focusing on constructive personal development yield the best results. 1 . Goals o an effective Juvenile Justice Intervention Rehabilitation-Reintegration-sustainability 2. Principles of Positive Youth Development

Strives to enhance individual and community capacities Youths exercise meaningful decision making over their programs Strives to eliminate racial/ethnic, gender, disability, sexual orientation and class barriers to treatment Emphasis is placed on building ties to community-based organizations 3. PAD through a model Juvenile Justice System of Care Community Based Programming Coordinated Continuum of Care Unconditional Care Normalization Individualized programming Flexible funding Aftercare and follow-up

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