Discuss Hirsch social bond theory and its impact on the Juvenile Justice system. Your discussion should include the four elements of the Social Bond theory. Hirsch social bond theory was created by Travis Hirsch in the late sass’s. In the theory, Hirsch believed social controls are the actual or potential – positive or negative, internal or external – for conformity to social mores (Senseless 87).
The social controls take the form of social bonds which are the relationships that venires have with role models and persons of influence such as parents, teachers and peers. When the bonds are not very strong with the role models and persons of influence then the Juvenile has a strong inclination for criminal activity. Social bonds are critical to help prevent crime and delinquency. There are four elements inside Hirsch social bond theory which are attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief.
Attachment inside Hirsch social bond theory is the basic element for the naturalization of norms and the values of a society which reflects effective ties to family, schools, and friends, and affection for and sensitivity to others (Senseless 88). Commitment is the stake a person has in society and what that person stands to lose by committing a crime (Senseless 88). Involvement is the extent to which one participates in the conventional activities of a society (Senseless 88). Belief is the respect for moral validity of the rules of a society which people believe in the laws of society and what that society stands for (Senseless 88).
Hirsch social bonds believe conventional values, including respect of laws and regulations, are less likely to become a Juvenile delinquent. Seeking success and becoming a conformist such as taking a Job and developing a social reputation discourage criminal activity. A conformist will not take the chance of committing crimes and hurting chances of advancement in society. The busier the Juvenile is in constructive activities the less likely he or she will be involved in deviant behavior which includes respect for laws.
Hirsch first study in his control theory showed a strong attachment to, and good communication with, parents was a strong factor in intelligent behavior (Senseless 88). The second study found that the less the subjects of the study believed they should obey laws, the more likely they were to break them. Hirsch social bond theory is a basic theory for delinquent behavior. Hirsch’ believed all Juveniles are potential delinquents unless factors such as parents and teachers giving positive influence on the Juvenile.