Juveniles in the Justice System

Introduction Children are not Just born delinquents; by law, a Juvenile delinquent is a person under the age of eighteen who is found guilty in a court of law for committing some sort of crime. Juveniles are normally products of circumstances, chance, and their surroundings. Juveniles who are in an area of violence and crime learn to disagree with authority and their superiors, also leading them to participate in crime because it is the acceptable thing to do. Over 100 years ago the Juvenile Justice system was designed.

This system was built to help develop the kids who were found guilty of minor crimes such as petty theft and truancy. It seems as if the system now has been overrun by more extreme crimes of violence. Back in the day, stealing and skipping school were the majority of the reasons children were considered Juveniles and handled lightly, but today those “crimes” have been replaced by larger problems such as rape and murder. The system was not meant to deal with those types of issues; it was founded to help prove that children were not fully responsible for their induct and could be rehabilitated.

But what does the system do to fix the mass raping and murders children are now committing? I think that might be a reason why children are now being tried as adults and placed in adult prisons and Jails, which makes it a harder recovery for the Juveniles to make it back to society. References “A Broken Juvenile Justice System. ” Baltimore Sun. N. P. , 06 Gag. 2012. Web. 20 Mar. 2013 http://articles. Baltimorean. Com/2012-08-06/news/BBS-De-Juvenile-Jail- editorial-20120806_1 This article gave me a better understanding on how brutal minors are treated in a venial center.

It told me about how in Juvenile facilities there are numerous occurrences of sexual, physical, and medical abuse towards the kids held there by security guards and inmates. I also thought that Juvenile centers had an adult mentors, so it opened my eyes a little more. With abuse both sexually and mentally happening in Juvenile facilities, it definitely makes it harder for a adolescent to recover, especially once they are released into the “real world” again. Its hard enough for a child to work his/her way back into society with the label of “Criminal” By Silverberry trying to get help.

This site is a reliable source because of the firm evidence they display of these crimes happening. It seems that sometimes Juvenile halls can do more harm than good at times. “Children’s Defense Fund. ” Dismantling the School to Prison Pipeline in California. N. P. , n. D. Web. 20 Mar. 2013 http://www. CDMA. Org/policy-priorities/dismantling-the- school-to-prison-pipeline/ This article is mostly based on the point that schools may be encouraging kids to be convicts unintentionally. This backs up my research on what causes children to become Juveniles in the first place.

By their little tolerance tit the students and their misuse of suspensions, it encourages kids to progress in their dishonest actions. The article states that children who have been suspended are significantly more likely to become involved in the Juvenile Justice system than their peers. I’m sure once they are suspended they find more time to get involved with other problems such as drugs and alcohol. In my opinion, kids who get suspended and/or expelled from school are already headed down a uneven path. I feel these children are already exposed to the issues in the world leading to a rough future.

Defining State and Local Responsibilities for Juvenile Offenders. Juvenile Crime Does Californians Juvenile Justice System Work? N. P. , n. D. Web. 20 Mar. 2013. Http:// www. Ala. Ca. Gob/1995/050195_Cup_crime/kaput. Asps This article gives an in-depth description of how the Juvenile Justice System works officially. To my understanding, it seems like the law officials are the ones that make the final decision whether to keep the kid in a Juvenile hall or send them back to his/ her parents. I find that a little bias! Why should it be the officer’s choice?

The article states the difference between the adult systems and the punishment of offenders as goal, while the Juvenile Justice system has a different goal; treatment and rehabilitation for the Juvenile offenders. ” It also gives reasoning on why Juveniles become Juveniles in the first place. School failures, school expulsions, and substance abuse are the most commonly known all around. Federal Probation Journal : December 2011 : Juvenile Probation Officers: How the Perception of Roles Affects Training Experiences for Evidence’s Practice Implementation. N. P. N. D. Web. 20 Mar. 2013. Http://www. Courts. Gob/Courts/ Federalists/OPS/Bedford/2011-12/evidence-based. HTML This article is on the Juvenile Justice System process. What part probation officers play in all of it and the treatment a Juvenile may receive to help him/her recover once they are back into society. I would say this is a reliable source because it tells the systems process step by step without any personal opinions. I think this article is 100% objective rather than biased because its main point is to state facts rather than a personal opinion.

This article helps me in my research by showing me all aspects of the Juvenile Justice System. It talks about how the Juvenile Justice systems help the Juveniles recover into he “real world” Each youth that enters a Juvenile hall has three goals to obtain, more treatment, better treatment, and beyond treatment. Each goal identifies the type of issues or problems a child is going through and the level of treatment he or she needs to fully recover. Understanding the Juvenile Justice System. Parents from the Juvenile Justice and This article gives a step by step process of how delinquents are incarcerated, and what their and their parents’ rights are. The more research I do, the more I realize every Juvenile case is different, obviously. Some areas don’t give the Juvenile and the family any choices on he type of punishment that is given; others give the family all the choices and resources possible to give the Juvenile the benefit of the doubt. This seems like a reliable source because these people have dealt with the system directly before making this a primary source.

The author of this article are the Parents from the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention so I think they might be a bit biased with it being said that they know about the system because their children have went through it before. This source fits my research by giving me an indent process on owe Juvenile system works and what their specific rights are in different areas. Campaign for Youth Justice. (n. D. ) Key Facts: Children in Adult Jails and Prisons. Retrieved from http://www. Configuration]justice. Org/documents/ KeyFactsonYouthinAdultJailsandPrisons. PDF.

This article talked about Juveniles being punished and placed in adult Jails and prisons. It talked about the risks and dangers of placing Juveniles in adult prisons. Basically, nothing good ever comes from it! In most Juvenile centers, the children are able to receive rehabilitative and educational services to hopefully survive in the real oral when they return to it; unfortunately most youth are denied these services that are necessary for their development stage because they are placed in that adult atmosphere. I feel when Juveniles are punished and sentenced to adult Jail/prisons they are in extreme danger.

Some of the most dangerous and reoccurring situations that happen in these adult lockups are Juveniles becoming sexual victims and/or placed in isolation which then leads to death. This article gave a lot of facts pertaining to the children in the adult slammers, and the worst part of it is that many out who are held in adult Jails have not even been convicted! So they get sent to these Jails, with no charges, and still suffer the worst! Ernest W. Burgess, The Economic Factor in Juvenile Delinquency, 43]. Crime. L. Campanology & police sic. 29 (1952-1953) http scholasticism’s. Away. Northwestern. Du/]CLC This article from Ernest W. Burgess considers the many effects of poor environment, poverty, inadequate housing, and associated factors on Juvenile delinquency. I found this article to be one of most informative of all my research that I have done that covers the reason why children become delinquents. Eve learned that most delinquents do not become criminals on their first offense, it is only until society labels them as criminals. This article supports my research on the type of crimes that juveniles commit and what causes Juveniles to act the way they do.

In my opinion, the reason children become Juveniles are somewhat inevitable. Children who grow up “on the wrong side of the tracks” are normally the kids who end up having a bad future. This article Just proves my theory to be a fact. The High Juvenile Crime Rate: A Look at Mentoring as a Preventive Strategy. Criminal Law Bulletin 30: 54-75. Http://www. News. Kill 2. MN. Us/sites/2d9a1349-cafe-IEEE-off- delinquency-preventive measure. It describes some reasons Juveniles commit their offenses in the first place and how to ensure Juveniles can make a living once they return back to society.

Like other articles Eve researched, this one explains the shared reasons such as peer pressure, gang affiliations, and social opportunities as influencing or inducing delinquency. Normally, when a child is labeled as a Juvenile, they are sent to detention centers with similar bent issues. How is that supposed to deviate and encourage a children to overcome to mistakes he/she has made in the past. This article comes solutions other than Juvenile centers, such as Big Brother Big Sister programs, and other mentoring programs.

I think that makes more sense Dealing with Juvenile Offenders in the Criminal Justice System European Journal on Criminal Policy ; Research; 2008, Volvo. 14 Issue 2/3, IPPP-247, 1 1 p, 5 Charts This article breaks down the Justice system in other countries besides America, proving that America’s society is not the only place that treats Juveniles in certain ways, possibly the wrong way! This was the only article that I found that mentioned being discreet when Juvenile cases that are held in the court room.

In other countries, the law prevents Juveniles from being labeled as a criminal by providing closed court proceedings and hearings. Why is America not on this yet? I believe this would help immensely in the recovery of Juveniles to the outside world. At least have this option for the first offenders that are in the wrong for minor disputes. Should the Juvenile Justice System be involved in Early Intervention? Criminology & Public Policy; Mahayana, Volvo. 11 Issue 2, IPPP-273, up This article explains solid seasoning on early intervention that can help in preventing the Juvenile population.

Before I did research on Juveniles, I thought they were all teenagers, roughly 15-18, but after reading up on it all, Eve come to realize Juveniles can be labeled at such a much younger age. So I believe the earlier support is implemented in a young kids life, the less likely the child will turn to trouble that could escalate into becoming a serious, long-lasting Juvenile offender. I also think all the hassle it may be to instigate early intervention, the benefits would end up outweighing the costs. SUMMARY The majority of youth held in adult prisons is normally not the most serious offenders and are likely to be released in early adulthood.

But what if it is too late? Amongst all my research, I read that most children are sent to adult prisons before they are even convicted! What if the time spent in adult prisons causes severe issues that the children are not able to recover in society? Some of the articles I researched proved that Juveniles kept in adult establishments are five times as likely to be sexually assaulted, twice as likely to be beaten by staff members, fifty percent more likely to e attacked with a weapon, and eight times as likely to commit suicide as children confined in Juvenile facilities!

That’s crazy to me. With all the articles and books and the amount of researchers professionals have come up with, why are Juveniles still treated like adults? I understand the seriousness of the crime(s) plays a huge factor, isolation rooms in adult prisons, or children who don’t deserve to be beaten and raped by their adult cell mates because they were at the wrong place at the wrong time and labeled a Juvenile? How is the law helping children regain a better life when they enter back into society, if ever? In my opinion they aren’t.

The only reading I have found about helping Juveniles return back to society was mentors programs like Big Brothers, Big Sisters. Why doesn’t a Jury make this mandatory vice sentencing them straight to adult Jail? It seems as if society has given up on the younger generation. I think the best way to mitigate the issues in today’s Juvenile Justice system is to get rid of it and focus more on rehabilitation and mentoring programs. Maybe, for once, society will learn to accept that people of all ages make mistakes, and extreme punishment isn’t always the answer.

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