A key paradox regarding the final or eternal nature of hell is the difference presented by two Gospel accounts of Jesus’ words: “Don’t be afraid of those who want to kill you. They can only kill your body; they cannot touch your soul. Fear only God, who can destroy both soul and body in hell. ” (Met 10:28 NIL)II “But I tell you whom to fear. Fear God, who has the power to kill people and then throw them into hell. ” (Elk 12:5 NIL) The word ‘destroy is notably missing from Lake’s Gospel.

This gives Jesus’ image of ell from Lake’s writing less finality than Matthews description. As this paper has shown, the nature of Hell can be received from Biblical evidence as either eternal or final. However, there are further natures to be considered: is ‘hell’ a place/state containing fire, darkness or both; and is ‘hell’ a Literal place or a Metaphoric state of existence in total separation from God? Fire, Darkness or both as natures of hell. Much of the Bible describes hell as a place of fire, sulfur or brimstone and a state of immeasurable pain and anguish.

However, there are also references to hell and enmeshment being a place or condition of darkness (Met 8:12; 22:13; 25:30; Jude 13); again in conjunction with Wailing/weeping and gnashing/grinding of teeth’. Both of these descriptions are possible, at the same time, when you consider the origins of the imagery of ‘lake of burning sulfur’: “Hell is described in the book of Revelation as the fiery lake of burning sulfur’ (19:20; see also 14:11; 20:10 and 21 :8) or simply as the lake of fire’ (20:14, 15). The figure of burning sulfur was used for volcanic eruptions.

It was first used in the Bible in Genesis 19:24 which says that the Lord aimed down burning sulfur on Stood and Sonogram’. It has become a common symbol of divine Judgment. “11 Volcanic Eruptions produce both searing hot lava and plumes of thick smoke and ash that can cause complete darkness. From this, it is reasonable to conclude that both fire and darkness can be used to describe the Biblical nature of hell. They also imply the experiences of burning pain so intense as to cause the Wailing and gnashing of teeth’ aspect of hell, based on Biblical evidence, is of its existence as a literal or metaphorical place.

There is no doubt the Bible presents hell as existing, but, as with Heaven, it must be concluded it is a place out of linear time and existence, rooted firmly in the ‘spiritual’ realm. Does this mean there will not be a physical ‘lake of burning sulfur’ on the Day of Judgment? This is a mystery that humankind may not fully know until that day. “The various descriptions of hell always refer to it as a place. These are figurative descriptions and thus must not be interpreted with exact literalness. Hell belongs to the realm of eternity which is beyond time and space. Yet when the Bible speaks about hell it uses imagery connected with a place.

Because of our limited knowledge of eternity, we don’t know what type of place this is. However, we know that it is the equivalent of what in this life is known as ‘a place’. “12 Fernando does not completely negate the possibility of a physical, literal hell, but he states it is a place beyond the limits of human knowledge. However, the bible clearly uses the physical imagery of a place, so it can be concluded that hell is a literal location. Annihilation’s Annihilation’s comes from the Latin ‘Nil’, meaning “Nothing” and refers to a doctrinal belief that some souls will cease to exist, being annihilated by God.

Annihilation’s can be found in three forms: materialism, conditional immortality, and Annihilation’s proper. “14 Materialism. This is the naturalistic view that when the body dies the entity ceases to exist. This view is not supported by any biblical evidence. As stated previously: there is a heaven and a hell. Their existence is not in question; it is hell’s nature that is being discussed. Conditional Immortality. This is the belief that only God is eternal and humans are mortal unless they accept the gospel. Those that do not; will not survive deathly 5, they will cease to exist.

Annihilation’s Proper. This view believes; “God punishes unbelievers; however, after exacting an appropriate punishment, He destroys them. “16 Biblical arguments for Annihilation’s. The biblical arguments and interpretations that both these latter two forms of Annihilation’s adhere to are based, predominantly, on two factors: linguistics centering on the meaning of the word eternal and terms of destruction (Met 10:28, Rev 20:6); and “their understanding of God’s love, God’s Justice, humanity conditional immortality, and God’s ultimate cosmological victory. 17 Because of these factors they e-interpret scripture. (Met 25:46, 1 These 5:3, 2 These 1:9, Rev 14:10;) they teach that these verses are stating the punishment is not eternal but holds eternal consequences; the annihilation will be for eternity. Similarly their view of destruction is seen, not as an ongoing state of ‘destroying’ but a finite act with infinite consequences. Likewise, the smoke of the torment may rise forever, but the torment is finite. Biblical arguments against Annihilation’s. The main argument against these thoughts is that in Matthew 25:46 the word it means Without end’.

This then shows that there is a destiny of immortality for all humankind. 18 John F. Wallboard uses the example of Hebrews to show the life after death of the wicked; “The Bible is very plain that the wicked continue living after physical death – as stated, for instance, in Hebrews 9:27-28: “Just as man is destined to die once, and after that to face Judgment, so Christ was sacrificed once to take away the sins of many people. ” The Judgment is after death, not at death, which implies existence after the body dies. “19 For the wicked that destiny is set clearly in Revelation 20:10-15 to be ‘eternal’ and everlasting.

The same words are used in the Greek to express the eternity of God and describe the duration of the righteous in Heaven. 20 (Met 25:41 ,46) Conclusion. The biblical evidence presented reveals that there are different descriptions and characteristics of hell throughout the Word of God. These can be deciphered in many ways, but all are subject to limited human knowledge. However, whether: final, eternal, literal, of fire or darkness; all point to the same nature of a terrible, conscious, punishment for those physically dead who rejected Jesus Christ as Lord ND Savior in life (2 The 1:8, 9; Web 10:26-9).

Annihilation’s is only perceived to be acceptable doctrine to some because of linguistic and theological semantics. As Sotto states; “l do not dogmatism about the position to which I have come. I hold it tentatively. But I do plead for frank dialogue among Evangelicals on the basis of Scripture. “21 Although the arguments against Annihilation’s are thorough, there will always be room for discussion on the meanings of phrases such as ‘death’ and ‘destruction’ and upon the nature of Hell.

Leave a comment