There are many different definitions of Justice. Along with definitions there are the many theories to go along with them. Philosophers throughout time have theorized and formed what Justice is. In the following paper I will discuss and analyze some of the theories I have discovered in my research. Principles of Justice When looking at principles of Justice we first need to understand what the definition of Justice is.
According to the legal dictionary (2010) the definition is fairness, moral eighteens, a system of law in which every person receives their due from the system including all rights. ” Justice is comprised of our needs, fair share, fair play, standing and trust. Cicero once SAA “the Foundation of Justice is good faith” The main theory of justice is that it is designed to be fair and an impartial point of view that has been adopted into our reasoning. Basically, the theory of Justice guides us to look and study the writings from philosophers like Rails, Locke, and Hobbes.
Locker’s view on justice was based on the social contract theory. This belief is that free people need to agree on some ground rules in order to live together. There are also specific theories dependent on the type of Justice. There is the principle that pertains to a distributive style of Justice which basically determines Justice as to what is the fair share. Then there is restorative Justice. Restorative Justice is how we react to an activity that violates what society deems fair play. The principles of Justice need to be fair to those involved and need to be consistent.
This of course is barring any extenuating resistances and if these circumstances exist there needs to be a vital difference so no other solution can be applied. “Perfect wisdom has four parts, biz. , wisdom, the principle of doing things aright; Justice, the principle of doing things equally in public and private; fortitude, the principle of not flying danger, but meeting it; and temperance, the principle of subduing desires and living moderately (Plato). ” Utilitarianism In order to understand how the principles of Justice and how they differ from utilitarianism we need to know what utilitarianism is.
Utilitarianism is the belief that he morally right choice is the only way to cause the most good. The utilitarianism belief may produce good but it also may trample the rights of the individuals. So the saying goes the good of the many outweigh the few or the one. So I would have to say that the main difference between Justice and utilitarianism as we know it would be society has laws that pertain to everyone equally. Utilitarianism has two forms also. Act Utilitarianism is defined as a person doing something that will benefit many but they do it without regards to their personal feelings or laws that society has made.
Rule Utilitarianism is solely based on the idea that provides the best outcome. According to Banks (2009) “a utilitarian approach to public policy would require that government officials base their actions and By gargle 231 and of the likely results of the alternatives and options available to them” (Banks 2009). Justice Defined As stated above the definition of Justice would be a system of law in which every person receives their due from the system including all rights.