race
socially defined as a collection of physical traits such as skin color, hair texture, & facial characteristics
ethnic groups
distinguished by others or by themselves on the basis of cultural or nationality characteristics
Historically in the US, who was considered black?
any person with any known African Black history
hypodescent rule
historically in the US, any person with any known African Black history was considered black (AKA the “one drop rule” in the south)
stereotypes
rigid, largely negative, preconceived notions that summarizes beliefs about a group of people
prejudice
an attitude which predisposes an individual to prejudge entire categories of people
Is prejudice in itself illegal?
no! (it is harmful though)
discrimination
a behavior which results in unfair, unequal, or harmful treatment based on prejudice
Is discrimination illegal?
in many instances, yes! (since it is a behavior)
genocide
the systematic killing of a group
racism
a form of prejudice where the belief is that one racial category is innately inferior or superior to another
institutional racism
policies, practices, & procedures of institutions that have a disproportionally negative effect on racial minorities
colorism
discrimination based on skin color
What is “I don’t see color” an example of?
colorblind racism
privilege
a right, immunity, or benefit enjoyed by members of a dominant group
intersectionality
a person can be privileged or marginalized based upon different identities
Civil Rights Act of 1964
made it illegal to discriminate in hiring based upon race (although income disparities do still exist)
Does education data show inequality among racial/ethnic lines?
yes!
environmental racism
the segregation of racial minorities into industrial environments & the disproportionate exposure to polluted air, water, & soil

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